Superconscious mind (Higher brain centers)

The brain centers of the cerebral cortex concerned with the more complex processes, such as, memory, imagination, intelligence, and learning are called higher brain centers. It is the superconscious mind.Brain center is any interconnected group of neurons in the brain that perform a specific function. The outer half-inch surface layer of the cerebrum known as cerebral cortex consists of gray matter and takes its appearance from the fact that the cell bodies of neurons have a grayish tint. Below the surface most of the brain consists of white matter, or the whitish axons and dendrites of the fibers traveling to and from the cortex. It has been estimated that the cortex contains about nine billion cells. Localized in the cortex are the primary sensory centers, the centers for motor control, and the complex areas that govern the higher mental processes. Cerebrum is, specifically, the largest and most important division of the brain. It consist of two hemispheres, each containing a number of cortical (surface) and subcortical centers that mediate sensory, motor, and complex ideational activities.              The functional areas of the cortex have been divided into two broad categories: (1) Primary sensory and motor areas; (2) Associative areas. The primary areas are those that receive (sensory) impulses from lower centers or in the case of the motor areas , initiate voluntary movements. The association cenrers may be thought of as the integrating and interpreting areas of the brain.These are the centers responsible for the so-called “higher” mental processes of thinking , learning, perceiving etc., in the sense, if the work is sincere or trustworthy. Superconscious mind is the subjective aspect of neurological activities. It is the state of awareness and the totality of experience at any given moment, as opposed to the unconscious mind, which is the sum of past consciousness. In a state of superconscious mind, awareness of acts, activities, and reactions, besides, the reflexes, enables an individual to behold the “higher” mental processes. It is that which is observable by subjective approaches of introspection and speculation or self-actualization. It is also that which is part of the perceptual conscious, that is, the portion of mind aware of the immediate environment as the conscious experience, in popular usage, awareness of a mental process of perception, emotion, motivation, etc. is, more generally, the term used as an equivalent for learning. The associative areas of the cortex are less specifically localized thab the primary sensory areas. However, it is possible to state a general principle to the effect that with each primary area there is a nearby region of the cortex whose functions are associative. Thus, there are somaesthetic, auditory, and visual association areas adjacent to their corresponding primary areas. The association areas are able to retain information from past stimulation and relate it to incoming impulses. Thus, while emphasis has been put on localization in this article, the brain also acts as a whole.


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