Hypnotherapy

Hypnosis was known by ancient Egyptians and other early peoples, but its modern use in psychotherapy dates only from the time of Anton Mesmer. In general, hypnosis may be defined as an altered state of consciousness involving extreme suggestibility. The procedure to induce hypnosis is designed to bring about a heightened state of selective attention, in which, the subject removes irrelevant stimuli and concentrates solely on the therapist’s suggestions. The individual under hypnosis shows extreme responsiveness to suggestions made by the hypnotist. As many of the early investigators observed anesthesia under hypnosis has been put to practical use in childbirth, surgery, and dentistry. Because the patient is relaxed and more subject to suggestibility under hypnosis, the state has been utilized for therapeutic purposes since the time of Charcot, Freud, and Breuer. The client is encouraged to remember and  verbalize one’s difficulties, and supportive suggestions are given.
1. Induction of hypnosis. There are many techniques to induce hypnosis in a subject, the individual, most of which involve the following factors: cooperation of the subject and allaying any fears of hypnosis; (b) put the subject in a comfortable position and ask to relax completely; (c) narrowing and focusing the subject’s attention on some bright object;(d) subject’s activities are directed by means of  suggestions. Normal bodily reactions of the subject are noted and directed as per need of the hour for instances itches will be subsided automatically after some time. The subject is to gaze upward towards an object and then be told,”your eyelids are starting to feel heavy.”

2.Recall of buried memories. Buried memories may be recovered under hypnosis and, thus, discharging the emotional tensions associated and assimilation into one’s self-structure may be directed by the therapist.

3. Age regression. Regression to the age just preceding the onset of problems often brings to light the difficulties or traumatic experiences that precipitated them. Desensitize the subject to the experience or make it extinct by logically.

4. Dream induction. Fantasy or imagery helps to induce dreams through hypnosis. A good example of narration, the telling of a story or account of events that may center, like a projective technique in exploring the individual’s inner conflicts, around one’s problem is sufficient. In any event, hypnotic dreams may be used to know intrapsychic conflicts along the lines of dream analysis worked out by Freud.

5. Posthypnotic suggestion. Posthypnotic suggestions are made by the therapist during the hypnotic state for behaviour to be carried out after the therapy, with the subject remaining unaware of the source of the behaviour in a few instances. There should not be any doubt as regards the posthypnotic suggestion in the subject’s mind, if otherwise, it will become ineffective.

The preponderance of research evidence indicates that behaviour induced in hypnotized subjects does differ significantly from simulated hypnosis or role enactment.

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