Psychotherapeutic skills

Introduction

Psychotherapeutic, pertaining to psychotherapy and having curative power, and skills, the abilities to do something expertly and well, are of utmost importance in the treatment by psychological methods of mental, emotional, and nervous disorders. Psychotherapy is the application of specialized techniques to the treatment of mental disorders or to the problems of everyday adjustment. The individual who is suffering from mental, emotional, or or nervous disorders becomes a problematic person for others in a family because of actions or changes in behavior that are bizarre, grotesque, or peculiar. Nobody in the family knows about the actions or changes in behavior occur due to what reasons. The actions or changes in behavior result in consequence of autonomic function not only because the mental, emotional or nervous disorder paves the way for specific types of a syndrome but an image, sensation, or affective state subsequent upon fear, suspicion, or an anxious state of mind gives rise to the same.It may be a propensity, a strong, persistent tendency toward a certain type of action, that may arise from hereditary sources or from habit, responsible for action or change in behavior. The individual finds difficulties in everyday adjustment and want to get rid of these but sees no hope as the irritants make one angry or excite the temper of the individual. In most of the cases it is compulsion that causes will to action or change in behavior. The recessive traits, regressive conditions, opposite, or negative characteristics are the root causes of various syndromes. That’s why, organic and functional disorders both be added in prognosis.

Curative power of skills

There are more than one thousand skills in various texts of psychotherapy. In its strictest sense, the term includes only those techniques (psychoanalysis, non directive or directive counseling, psychodrama, etc.) utilized by specialists. More loosely, psychotherapy can include informal talks with ministers, faith cures, and personal discussions with teachers or friends.

Obsessions may precede with compulsions, which are actions one does not want to perform but cannot control. The individual may feel that the unnecessary thoughts are crowding out the productive ones that are essential to maintain one`s job, family, or friends. How to halt the unnecessary thoughts as obsessive compulsive disorder is considered – a disorder of impulse control. 4 steps to get free from obsessions-an expert advice to clear mind of mental clutter:

  1. Identify the stressful areas of your life.
  2. Learn a few basic relaxation techniques.
  3. Learn to cope with interpersonal stress.
  4. Become an effective time manager.

[From psychology today]

The major techniques employed by psychotherapists include depth interviews, conditioning, suggestion, and interpretation. To some degree the goal of all psychotherapies is to encourage understanding of the problem on the part of the patient, whose lack of insight into the nature of the maladjustment causes anxiety and makes it difficult for him to cope with the demands of everyday living. Systems of psychotherapy that emphasize insight and understanding are often classified as depth therapies in order to distinguish them from systems that minimize understanding and insight and stress symptoms modification, such as, behavior therapy.

Goal of psychotherapy

Ultimately the goal of all forms of psychotherapy is modification of the patient’s behavior in such a way as to bring about a more effective adjustment to one’s environment. From wikipedia-psychotherapy aims to improve an individual’s well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, beliefs, compulsions, thoughts, or emotions, and to improve relationships and social skills. For instance, the simple and easy to adapt is technique of relaxation therapy. It can be practiced to do something repeatedly or regularly in order to become skilful.

“Relaxation therapy”- The individual is to relax (cause or allow to become less tight, stiff, strict, or rigid. First of all one has to practice relaxation of the muscles of body one by one. Lie means be, put oneself, flat on a horizontal surface or in a resting position. Close your eyes and begin the relaxation therapy from your both the feet. Concentrate mentally on both the feet and say subvocally I have relaxed my both the feet. Do as per your instruction, then, lower legs, both the knees and thighs respectively. Thereafter, both the hips, back, shoulders, and both the arms one by one. Now it is the turn of the neck, chin, and both the jaws-relax your jaws. These should not be in a clinched state. Concentrate upon your nose and see the respiration process that occurs autonomously. You have to take five breath with your own efforts. There are three steps in each breath. One-take a long breath by drawing air voluntarily to fill your both the lungs, then, two-stop inhaling or exhaling the air, and three-sent out. The most important part of the relaxation therapy is, in the last, concentrate upon your forehead between both the eyebrows. This is your mind. Now being an observer who sees and notice or watch carefully the darkness and do the listening to the positive and negative thoughts. One can regress up to some terrible incident, recollect the same and erase the negative effects voluntarily. On counting of five you can open your eyes.

Exploring relaxation can help you look after yourself when you are feeling stressed or worried. Have a look at these tips and ideas to see how relaxation can fit into your daily life. How to relax ? Take a walk , going at your own pace. You might choose to go for a longer walk, but even a few minutes of walking can help you feel relaxed.

Read a book or magazine, if its only for a few minutes. Run yourself a bath, watch a film, play with a pet or try out a new recipe. Focus on your breathing. Learning to breathe more deeply can help you feel a lot calmer. Breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth. Count as you breathe. (From Mind, the mental health)

Image credit: Wikimedia.org

Techniques such as psychoanalysis, client-centered therapy, and behavior therapy have proved most successful with milder forms of behavior disorders. Psychotic individuals are so disturbed or withdrawn that the medical intervention becomes essential in the form of electroshock treatment or chemotherapy is necessary before such patients are amenable to treatment by psychological techniques.

P. S. I may be thankful to those who are interested in taking my help. It is free of cost.

P. S. Next post is “Psychoanalysis”.

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