Excitatory and inhibitory phenomena

Excitatory tendency is the capacity of a stimulus to elicit a response. Who knows it is a part of human nature. The person who knows how to give a stimulus to elicit a favourable response and the very response which is elicited becomes a habit in three-four attempts cannot be labelled as smart or clever […]

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

As a matter of fact, in most instances, the focus of attention remains on observable behavior and it is regarded that the inner thoughts are not, indeed, part of the causal factors, therefore, the emphasis is laid on the relationship between observable behaviors and observable reinforcing conditions by us. If the importance of thoughts, perceptions, […]

Systematic use of positive reinforcement (Behavior therapy)

A systematic plan of what is to be done for the application of positive reinforcement is achieving remarkable success, particularly, in the institutional settings. Response shaping, token economies, and behavioral contracting are among the most popular techniques.                              1.Response shaping. Positive reinforcement is, often, given in response shaping, that means in setting up a response which […]

Systematic desensitization (Behavior therapy)

Systematic desensitization is a technique developed by Joseph Wolpe, in which, the individual imagines a hierarchy of anxiety-producing situations under conditions of physical relaxation with the goal of weakening or eliminating the anxiety responses. Desensitization, the lessened reactivity, is a decreased emotional sensitivity with respect to a personal defect or social problem after counseling. It […]

Behavior therapy

Behavior therapy is curative treatment directed toward the cure of a pathological condition by behavior modification techniques. Therefore, behavior therapy is the systematic application of learning principles and techniques to the treatment of behavior disorders. Bwhavior disorder or abnormal behavior, according to behavior therapists, is learned way of behaving that is maladaptive and consequently can […]

Anxiety neurosis

Anxiety is an emotional condition, in which, there is fear and uncertainty about the future.It is a chronic fear of mild degree, strong or overwhelming fear. Anxiety, in that, feeling of mingled dread and apprehension about the future without specific cause for the fear, is a secondary drive involving an acquired avoidance response.             Anxiety neurosis […]