Heredity and environment

INTRODUCTION. Heredity is the totality of characteristics transmitted from the parents to the offspring. The transmission of genetic characteristics is a function of the CHROMOSOMES and GENES (q.q.v.). The exact mechanism of hereditary transmission was not known until the discovery of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). It is now believed that the molecules […]

Metaphysical reality

Metaphysical reality is that what is based on abstract reasoning. It is the reality of metaphysics, the branch of philosophy dealing with the ultimate nature of existence, truth and knowledge. Ultimate nature of existence is the last, basic, or furthest nature of existence. The appearance of events, in contrast with ultimate reality,the statics of the […]

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

As a matter of fact, in most instances, the focus of attention remains on observable behavior and it is regarded that the inner thoughts are not, indeed, part of the causal factors, therefore, the emphasis is laid on the relationship between observable behaviors and observable reinforcing conditions by us. If the importance of thoughts, perceptions, […]